WHO IS A CHILD?

A child (children in plural) biologically is a person between the development period of birth and puberty.

The United Nations Convention defines a child as every human being below the age of eighteen years unless, under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier. The Uganda constitution defines a child as any person below the age of 18. The Kenyan constitution article 240 defines a child as an individual who has not attained eighteen years.

Children are innocent souls who must grow up in a loving and caring environment to have good life experiences. It’s the role and responsibility of the parents, and guardians to make sure that every child under their care enjoys their childhood. Each Parent should know that, children grow up happily when they feel loved and safe but, above all enjoy the rights that they are entitled to.

According to the United Nations convection, every child has a right to survival, protection, and education. These rights were agreed by almost every state worldwide, so they are applicable everywhere. These are some of the rights that every parent/guardian is entitled to give their growing children.

Right to Education: All children under school-going age have a right to education regardless of their sex, color, tribe, or background. Education helps to develop the child’s personality, talents, mental, and physical abilities.

Right to play: Children have a right to leisure.

Right to freedom of expression: children have the freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, in the form of art, or through any other media of the child’s choice.

Right to the attainment of standard health care: It’s the responsibility of the parents and the states to provide necessary medical assistance and health care. For example, infants should be taken for immunization, feeding and it’s the parent’s responsibility to make sure that the children have access to such health care services.

For more details here is the simplified version of all the children’s rights https://www.unicef.org.au/Upload/UNICEF/Media/Our%20work/childfriendlycrc.pdf

Parents should be aware of these rights to protect their children and ensure that children know them too. Rising up informed kids protects them from ruthless people, abuse, and bullying from their peers at school or in the community. We have heard cases where maids and nannies abuse children in their own homes, and it takes a while for the children to speak up because of many reasons and one of them is: Lack of knowledge of their rights. When children are ignorant of their rights, they develop a low self esteem and do not react to things affecting their lives due to fear. Therefore, it is your obligation to tell your children who they are, and what they are supposed to do as children for them to grow up bold and fearless human beings.

In conclusion, a child is any human being below the age of 18. He/she has the right to live and enjoy his childhood just like an adult person. It is the role of the parents, and guardians to protect the children and give them the freedom to enjoy their childhood.

Published by Motherly heart

My name is Mary Ajambo, and I am a blogger at motherly heart. I am a mother. I love writing. I am here to make parenting an Interesting adventure for both mums and dads.

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